“The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government, are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation, and foreign commerce; with which last the power of taxation will, for the most part, be connected. The powers reserved to the several States will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties, and properties of the people, and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the State.”
By stating the above in Federalist No. 45, James Madison memorialized the intent of the Founding Fathers of establishing a government that would not be afforded powers which could prove dangerous to the authority of the states.
The usurpations that the federal government has committed against the states have been so numerous and so frequent, that the American public has become desensitized. The situation has degenerated to the extent that some are even surprised when reminded of the fact that it was the states that created the federal government, not the other way around. The central government was formed by sovereign states to act as their agent to carry out only such tasks as it was entrusted to perform by its creators.
When the original thirteen colonies declared independence from Britain, they declared that each was a free and independent state with full and separate power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce and do all other acts which independent states may of right do. In the Treaty of Paris, which marked the end of the American Revolution, Britain acknowledged each of the thirteen colonies to be a free, sovereign and independent state. Each state was specifically mentioned as a sole and separate, sovereign entity. These sovereign independent bodies later joined to facilitate coexistence and commerce, creating as their agent, a central government.Details