The detention of belligerents until hostilities end is not new in American history. February 19th historically bears the weight of tyrants rule in the name of national security. The War Powers Act of 1941 led the way for the internment of Japanese American citizens. Like all War Powers Acts, the President was allowed to declare an enemy and created a “legal” landscape to strip rights away.
The abuse of executive orders have occured by many presidents. President Franklin D. Roosevelt had many. In 1941 he signed 383 executive orders and in 1942 he signed 289. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor happened on December 7th, 1941. On December 18th of 1941, The First War Powers Act was instituted. It was established to direct departments to communicate with each other, suspended conflicting laws, and censor whatever the executive wanted.
Executive Order 8985 states, “There is hereby established the Office of Censorship, at the head of which shall be a Director of Censorship. The Director of Censorship shall cause to be censored, in his absolute discretion, communications by mail, cable, radio, or other means of transmission passing between the United States and any foreign country or which may be carried by any vessel or other means of transportation touching at any port, place, or Territory of the United States and bound to or from any foreign country, in accordance with such rules and regulations as the President shall from time to time prescribe.
By February 19th, 1942, executive order 9066 was signed by FDR. This executive order statedDetails