James Madison: Speaking on the Bill of Rights and the 9th Amendment

On June 8, 1789, James Madison made a statement regarding the introduction of a Bill of Rights, along with the 9th Amendment, which reads: The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people Here’s Madison, in his own words: It has been objected also…

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Don’t Trust Congress to Protect the 4th Amendment

While there are indications that there are some positive provisions in the latest incarnation of the USA Freedom Act, it certainly wouldn’t end unconstitutional spying. There are also some troubling issues that make the proposed fixes potentially dangerous. Some analysts think the new version may have a massive loophole – something that even give supporters of the bill pause.

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Federal Agency-Business Partnerships that Advance 4th Amendment Violations

Russia has requested that some of NSA’s corporate customers, like Apple, share source code so that it can clear up suspected security issues. According to RT, Russia made the request in response to spy scandals that have undermined trust in foreign products. While they may complain about it, tech company cooperation with the American spy-state has set the stage for these requests, and more will certainly follow.

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James Madison: Constitution’s Original Meaning Comes From the People

NOTE: In this letter to Thomas Ritchie on September 15, 1821, James Madison explains how to find the original meaning of the words in the Constitution. That is, through the understanding of those who gave it legal force in their respective state conventions. As a guide in expounding and applying the provisions of the Constitution,…

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