NOTE: In this letter to Thomas Ritchie on September 15, 1821, James Madison explains how to find the original meaning of the words in the Constitution. That is, through the understanding of those who gave it legal force in their respective state conventions. As a guide in expounding and applying the provisions of the Constitution,…Details
Hamilton justified the bank by broadly construing the constitutional powers of Congress. Jefferson, however, rejected Hamilton’s argument by claiming that the ratified Constitution created a federal government that was strictly limited in its political and financial power.Details
Becky Akers with a powerful story of courage for liberty in the face of nearly overwhelming odds.Details
CONVENTION OF 1787. Farrand, Max, ed. The Records of the Federal Convention of 1787.
The want of authy. in Congs. to regulate Commerce had produced in Foreign nations particularly G. B. a monopolizing policy injurious to the trade of the U. S. and destructive to their navigation; the imbecility and anticipated dissolution of the Confederacy extinguishg. all apprehensions of a Countervailing policy on the part of the U. States.Details
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No protesting the government? No freedom of the press? Lawmakers jailed? Is this the story of the Soviet Union during the Cold War?
No. It describes the United States in 1798 after the passage of the Sedition Act.Details
“Judge Miller is an Old Granny and a miserable doughface. Be prepared to resist, even at the expense of life, the encroachment of this sum of all villainies.” This text is from a resolution passed by the city of Oakland Wisc. in 1855 after the jury found abolitionist Sherman Booth guilty of violating the Fugitive…Details
We must continue to be mindful of history to better understand what liberty truly is, and how we can defend our rights.Details