One of the ways the federal government expands its powers is simply by redefining words in the Constitution.

The word “commerce” is a perfect example. By changing the meaning of the word from “trade” to “any economic activity,” the feds have seized a virtually unlimited field of power. Understanding what words meant at the time of ratification is key to understanding the powers of the government

For Further Reading

The Commerce Clause

Three Supreme Court Cases that Twisted the Commerce Clause

New evidence on the “Power To . . . regulate . . . Commerce”

The Commerce Clause: Not a Micromanaging Tool

The Meaning of the Commerce Power and Congress’s and the Courts’ Use (And Abuse) Of It

Mike Maharrey

The 10th Amendment

“The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”



Featured Articles

On the Constitution, history, the founders, and analysis of current events.

featured articles


Tenther Blog and News

Nullification news, quick takes, history, interviews, podcasts and much more.

tenther blog


State of the Nullification Movement

232 pages. History, constitutionality, and application today.

get the report


Path to Liberty

Our flagship podcast. Michael Boldin on the constitution, history, and strategy for liberty today

path to liberty


Maharrey Minute

The title says it all. Mike Maharrey with a 1 minute take on issues under a 10th Amendment lens. maharrey minute

Tenther Essentials

2-4 minute videos on key Constitutional issues - history, and application today


Join TAC, Support Liberty!

Nothing helps us get the job done more than the financial support of our members, from just $2/month!



The 10th Amendment

History, meaning, and purpose - the "Foundation of the Constitution."

10th Amendment



Get an overview of the principles, background, and application in history - and today.