I ran across an interesting article last week headlined “How Hatred Came to Dominate American Politics.” It brought up some pretty good points, particularly regarding the nationalization of American politics. But I think the article swerved pass the biggest cause of the division and hatred in American politics today — the centralization of power in Washington D.C.

The founders called this “consolidation” and many warned it was dangerous to liberty.

For instance, in Federalist #32, Alexander Hamilton wrote:

An entire consolidation of the States into one complete national sovereignty would imply an entire subordination of the parts; and whatever powers might remain in them, would be altogether dependent on the general will.”

Fisher Aims, a delegate to the Massachusetts ratifying convention, wrote:

“A consolidation of the States would subvert the new Constitution.”

Think about it. When virtually every important decision is dictated to some 325 million people from a nearly all-powerful, far-away government, it only makes sense that people are going to fight tooth and nail over who gets to control it. Every election is perceived as a mortal, winner-take-all battle. The victors get to impose their wills on the large minority they vanquish at the ballot box.

Patrick Henry warned, “Consolidation must end in the destruction of our liberties.”

He was right.

This is why I rail against the incorporation doctrine – the made up out of thin-air Supreme Court doctrine that allows federal judges to effectively dictate policy at the state or local level. A lot of people think it’s a good idea because the federal courts can protect us from state or local tyranny.

Cute theory. But it almost never works out that way.

Why would you trust the most powerful government in the history of the world to protect your liberties? This strategy runs counter the wisdom of the founding generation. And it falls flat with historical scrutiny.

Mike Maharrey

The 10th Amendment

“The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”



Featured Articles

On the Constitution, history, the founders, and analysis of current events.

featured articles


Tenther Blog and News

Nullification news, quick takes, history, interviews, podcasts and much more.

tenther blog


State of the Nullification Movement

232 pages. History, constitutionality, and application today.

get the report


Path to Liberty

Our flagship podcast. Michael Boldin on the constitution, history, and strategy for liberty today

path to liberty


Maharrey Minute

The title says it all. Mike Maharrey with a 1 minute take on issues under a 10th Amendment lens. maharrey minute

Tenther Essentials

2-4 minute videos on key Constitutional issues - history, and application today


Join TAC, Support Liberty!

Nothing helps us get the job done more than the financial support of our members, from just $2/month!



The 10th Amendment

History, meaning, and purpose - the "Foundation of the Constitution."

10th Amendment



Get an overview of the principles, background, and application in history - and today.