PROVIDENCE, R.I. (Feb. 26, 2021) – Yesterday, the Rhode Island House unanimously passed a bill that would allow terminally ill patients to bypass some Food and Drug Administration (FDA) rules that deny access to experimental treatments.
Rep. Joseph McNamara (D-Warwick) introduced House Bill 5077 (H5077) on Jan. 22. Titled the “Neil Fachon Terminally Ill Patients’ Right To Try Act of 2021,” the legislation would create a state process to give terminally ill patients access to medicines not yet given final approval for use by the FDA.
On Feb. 25, the House passed H5077 75-0.
The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act prohibits general access to experimental drugs. However, under the expanded access provision of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, 21 U.S.C. 360bbb, patients with serious or immediately life-threatening diseases may access experimental drugs after receiving express FDA approval. H5077 creates a process to bypass the FDA expanded access program and allows patients to obtain experimental drugs from manufacturers without first obtaining FDA approval.
On May 30, 2018, President Donald Trump signed a federal Right to Try Act into law. At the time Trump inked his signature on the bill, patients in 39 U.S. states already had access to experimental treatments thanks to state Right to Try laws. The federal Right to Try Act is an example of the feds arriving late to a party. The movement started nearly five years ago when Colorado Gov. John Hickenlooper signed the first state Right to Try bill into law. State action drove this change, and it’s almost certain Congress would have never passed Right to Try if the states hadn’t acted first.
The new federal law does not render the state right to try laws irrelevant. In the first place, the federal government could change the last or enact restrictions at any time. The passage of a state law would ensure right to try would continue unhindered in Rhode Island no matter what Congress does. And while the federal law creates a uniform standard, state laws provide doctors, drug manufacturers and patients important protections. As Goldwater Institute spokesperson Jennifer Tiedemamm pointed out, states have their own standards for tort liability, medical licensure, and other legal issues that the federal law does not address.
For instance, the proposed Rhode Island law includes legal protections for healthcare providers under state law.
A licensing board or disciplinary subcommittee shall not revoke, fail to renew, suspend, or take any action against a health care provider’s license issued under this title, based solely on the health care provider’s recommendations to an eligible patient regarding access to or treatment with an investigational drug, biological product, or device. An entity responsible for Medicare certification shall not take action against a health care provider’s Medicare certification based solely on the health care provider’s recommendation that a patient have access to an investigational drug, biological product, or device.
It also specifically prohibits any state agent from blocking a patient’s access to investigational treatments.
An official, employee, or agent of this state shall not block or attempt to block an eligible patient’s access to an investigational drug, biological product, or device.
Rhode Island could become the 41st state to put a Right to Try law on the books. Although these laws only address one small aspect of FDA regulation, they provide a clear model that demonstrates how to nullify federal statutes that violate the Constitution. The strategy narrows the influence of nullification to limited aspects of the law itself, which has proven to be very effective. And when enough states defy the feds, Congress will eventually follow along. This demonstrates the effectiveness of a bottom-up strategy for limiting federal power.
The results show that the practical impact of Right to Try isn’t merely theoretical.
Since the Texas Right to Try law went into effect in June 2015, at least 78 patients in the Lone Star State have received an experimental cancer treatment not allowed by the FDA. While the FDA would have allowed these patients to die, Houston-based oncologist, Dr. Ebrahim Delpassand, continued their treatment through the Texas law. (Watch a video about Dr. Delpassand here.)
The Right to Try Act is a no-brainer. When someone is on their deathbed, the fact that FDA ever maintained regulations would let them die rather than try has got to be one of the most inhumane policies of the federal government.
H5077 will now move to the Senate for further consideration. Once assigned to a Senate Committee, it must pass by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.