Today in history – April 28 1758 – James Monroe was born.

A pivotal figure throughout the American War of Independence, the ratification struggle, Virginia’s republican transformation, and his presidency, Monroe was considered the last president of the “Virginia Dynasty.”

Monroe served in the Continental Army during the War of Independence, where he was wounded and almost died in the Battle of Trenton. Thereafter he studied law under George Wythe, who had also taught Thomas Jefferson. Opposed to the Constitution, he became the only Anti-Federalist to be elected president.

Monroe was Minister to France during Washington’s term, where he helped secure the release of Thomas Paine, who was awaiting execution. During the Reign of Terror, he also negotiated the release of American prisoners and befriended many of the most famous French republicans, including Marquis de Lafayette. Enraged by Washington’s Neutrality Proclamation, Monroe believed the United States had a vested and moral interest in supporting the French Republic.

Aligning himself with the interests of Jefferson and Madison’s Republican Party, he strongly opposed the national bank, Jay Treaty, and Quasi-War with France. His strong pro-French proclivities even met the chagrin of George Washington, who scolded Monroe and dismissed him from his civil position. During Jefferson’s term, he was tasked alongside Robert Livingston to negotiate a Treaty with Napoleon to purchase New Orleans. Beyond this goal, Monroe was instrumental in acquiring the entire Louisiana territory at an extremely cheap rate.

With the assistance of Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, Monroe ingeniously purchased Florida from Spain at a cheap rate by pointing out the ease at which Andrew Jackson, albeit through insubordination, had conquered it. He oversaw the sectional divide that occurred during the Missouri Crisis, where the federal government tried to impose an ultimatum upon a state in return for its incorporation into the union for the first time. He again turned to Adams for the act he is most famous for, the Monroe Doctrine, which called for the United States to refrain from entering into European wars and alliances while committing to resistance against further European colonization in the western hemisphere.

Despite the numerous political challenges before him, Monroe remained committed to republicanism, adhered to the constraints of the Constitution, bemoaned political factions, and believed in a frugal and subdued government. While he presided over an era that has been called by some historians “The Era of Good Feelings,” a multitude of discordant interests took hold that precipitated the Second Party System. Still, Monroe tackled most of these challenges effectively while restoring faith in America’s federal system and maintaining a Jeffersonian disposition.

The 10th Amendment

“The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”

LEARN MORE

01

Featured Articles

On the Constitution, history, the founders, and analysis of current events.

featured articles

02

Tenther Blog and News

Nullification news, quick takes, history, interviews, podcasts and much more.

tenther blog

03

State of the Nullification Movement

108 pages. History, constitutionality, and application today.

get the report

01

Path to Liberty

Our flagship podcast. Michael Boldin on the constitution, history, and strategy for liberty today

path to liberty

02

Maharrey Minute

The title says it all. Mike Maharrey with a 1 minute take on issues under a 10th Amendment lens. maharrey minute

Tenther Essentials

2-4 minute videos on key Constitutional issues - history, and application today

TENTHER ESSENTIALS

Join TAC, Support Liberty!

Nothing helps us get the job done more than the financial support of our members, from just $2/month!

JOIN TAC

01

The 10th Amendment

History, meaning, and purpose - the "Foundation of the Constitution."

10th Amendment

03

Nullification

Get an overview of the principles, background, and application in history - and today.

nullification