RALEIGH, N.C. (June 7, 2022) – On Monday, the North Carolina Senate passed a bill that would legalize medical marijuana in the state despite ongoing federal cannabis prohibition.

Sen. William Rabon (R), Sen. Michael Lee (R) and Sen. Paul Lowe (D) introduced Senate Bill 711 (S711) last year and it carried over to the 2022 legislative session. Under the proposed law, patients would be able to access cannabis on a physician’s recommendation if they suffer from a “debilitating medical condition” such as cancer, epilepsy, HIV/AIDS, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis and post-traumatic stress disorder. Patients could legally possess up to 1.5 ounces of marijuana. S711 would also create a regulatory and tax framework for the cultivation and sale of medicinal cannabis. Home cultivation would not be permitted under the law.

The bill went through several revisions in several committees during the 2021 session. On June 6, the Senate passed S711 by a 36-7 vote.

It appears the bill will have a tough path through the House, based on comments by Republican House leadership reported by Marijuana Moment. House Speaker Tim Moore (R) recently told WRAL that “there are a lot of concerns with this bill right now.”

“I think it’s something that’s going to really require further study,” he said. “The Senate brought this bill quickly to the floor. This is one of the more controversial subjects in our state and in our nation.”

North Carolina voters don’t appear to share Moore’s concerns. SurveyUSA’s scientific poll found that 57 percent of North Carolina voters support the legalization of marijuana for recreational use and 72 percent support the legalization of medical marijuana.


All of this is illegal according to the federal government.

Under the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) passed in 1970, the federal government maintains a complete prohibition of marijuana. Of course, the federal government lacks any constitutional authority to ban or regulate cannabis within the borders of a state, despite the opinion of the politically connected lawyers on the Supreme Court. If you doubt this, ask yourself why it took a constitutional amendment to institute federal alcohol prohibition.

The legalization of medical marijuana in North Carolina would remove a layer of laws prohibiting the possession and use of marijuana in the state even though federal prohibition remains in effect. This is significant because FBI statistics show that law enforcement makes approximately 99 of 100 marijuana arrests under state, not federal law. When states stop enforcing marijuana laws, they sweep away most of the basis for 99 percent of marijuana arrests.

Furthermore, figures indicate it would take 40 percent of the DEA’s yearly budget just to investigate and raid all of the dispensaries in Los Angeles – a single city in a single state. That doesn’t include the cost of prosecution. The lesson? The feds lack the resources to enforce marijuana prohibition without state assistance.


Colorado, Washington state, Oregon and Alaska were the first states to legalize recreational cannabis, and California, Nevada, Maine and Massachusetts joined them after ballot initiatives in favor of legalization passed in November 2016. Michigan followed suit when voters legalized cannabis for general use in 2018. Vermont became the first state to legalize marijuana through a legislative act in 2018. Illinois followed suit in 2019. New Jersey, Montana and Arizona all legalized recreational marijuana through ballot measures in the 2020 election. Earlier this year, New YorkNew MexicoVirginia and Connecticut legalized marijuana through legislative action.

With 37 states allowing cannabis for medical use, and 18 legalizing for adult recreational use, the feds find themselves in a position where they simply can’t enforce prohibition anymore.

The lesson here is pretty straightforward. As Tenth Amendment Center Executive Director Michael Boldin noted, “When enough people say, ‘No!’ to the federal government, and enough states pass laws backing those people up, there’s not much the feds can do to shove their so-called laws, regulations, or mandates down our throats.”


S711 will now move to the House for further consideration. At the time of this report, it had not been assigned to a House committee. Once it receives a committee assignment, it must receive a hearing and pass by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.

Mike Maharrey