PROVIDENCE, R.I. (Feb. 23, 2016) – A Rhode Island Bill would legalize marijuana for recreational use, taking a big step toward nullifying federal cannabis prohibition in practice in the state.
House Bill 5555 (H5555) was introduced by Rep. Scott Slater (D-Providence) and four co-sponsors to legalize marijuana under a tax-and-regulate system enforced at the state level. The legislation reads as follows:
-The regulation and taxation of cannabis for adult use in other states is working successfully. Revenue is being diverted away from the illicit drug market and into projects such as school construction and substance abuse treatment; far fewer people are receiving criminal records for cannabis offenses; and the regulated cannabis market has created thousands of new jobs and contributed to economic growth…
Recognizing that a majority of Rhode Islanders support ending the failed policy of cannabis prohibition, Rhode Island joins these other states in replacing cannabis prohibition with regulation and taxation.
”A strong and growing majority of voters support our proposal to regulate marijuana,” Rep. Slater said in a Marijuana Policy Project press release. “Our job is to represent the people of this state, and their position on this issue is pretty clear. It’s time to replace the senseless policy of marijuana prohibition with a sensible policy of regulation.”
Under the provisions in H5555, individuals could lawfully use, obtain, purchase, transport, or possess “one ounce (1 oz) or less of cannabis.” In addition, smokeless marijuana could be lawfully used as long as the “products [contain] no more than three hundred milligrams” of active THC. Five ounces of cannabis could be possessed in an individual’s residence. Paraphenalia would be legalized as well, along with transporting lawfully-possessed marijuana in a motor vehicle and giving away lawfully-possessed marijuana.
Despite the federal prohibition on marijuana, measures such as H.555 remain perfectly constitutional, and the feds can do little if anything to stop them in practice.
The federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) passed in 1970 prohibits all of this behavior. Of course, the federal government lacks any constitutional authority to ban or regulate marijuana within the borders of a state, despite the opinion of the politically connected lawyers on the Supreme Court. If you doubt this, ask yourself why it took a constitutional amendment to institute federal alcohol prohibition.
Legalization of marijuana in Rhode Island would remove a layer of laws prohibiting the possession and use of marijuana, but federal prohibition will remain on the books.
FBI statistics show that law enforcement makes approximately 99 of 100 marijuana arrests under state, not federal law. By mostly ending state prohibition, Rhode Island essentially sweeps away most of the basis for 99 percent of marijuana arrests.
Furthermore, figures indicate it would take 40 percent of the DEA’s yearly-budget just to investigate and raid all of the dispensaries in Los Angeles – a single city in a single state. That doesn’t include the cost of prosecution. The lesson? The feds lack the resources to enforce marijuana prohibition without state assistance.
A GROWING MOVEMENT
Rhode Island could join a growing number of states simply ignoring federal prohibition, and nullifying it in practice. Colorado, Washington state, Oregon and Alaska have already legalized recreational cannabis with California, Nevada, Maine, and Massachusetts set to join them after ballot initiatives in favor of legalization were passed in those states earlier this month.
With more than two-dozen states allowing cannabis for medical use as well, the feds find themselves in a position where they simply can’t enforce prohibition any more.
“The lesson here is pretty straight forward. When enough people say, ‘No!’ to the federal government, and enough states pass laws backing those people up, there’s not much the feds can do to shove their so-called laws, regulations or mandates down our throats,” Tenth Amendment Center founder and executive director Michael Boldin said.
H5555 will need to pass the House Judiciary Committee before it can be considered by the full House.