We have brought the founding generation’s greatest fear to life.

That fear was centralization of power.

One of the most forceful arguments against ratifying the Constitution revolved around what founders called “consolidation.” They feared that the new general government created by the Constitution would swallow up the states and effectively turn the United States into “one nation” with all power and authority flowing from the national government. Massachusetts ratifying convention delegate Fisher Aims warned, “A consolidation of the States would subvert the new Constitution,” and said too much provision cannot be made against it.

Patrick Henry offered an even more emphatic warning, telling the Virginia ratifying convention,

” Consolidation must end in the destruction of our liberties.”

Today, their fears are reality. The federal government exercises almost complete control. It dictates everything from your healthcare to how much water flows into your toilet. When some local government in Nebraska violates somebody’s rights, it becomes a federal case. We even say a pledge calling America “one nation.”

Henry warned that this kind of consolidation would lead to “complete despotism.”

“When he asks my opinion of consolidation, of one power to reign over America with a strong hand, I will tell him I am persuaded of the rectitude of my honorable friend’s opinion, (Mr. Mason,) that one government cannot reign over so extensive a country as this is, without absolute despotism. Compared to such a consolidation, small confederacies are little evils; though they ought to be recurred to but in case of necessity.”

You can judge for yourself the accuracy of Henry’s assessment.


Mike Maharrey

The 10th Amendment

“The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”



Featured Articles

On the Constitution, history, the founders, and analysis of current events.

featured articles


Tenther Blog and News

Nullification news, quick takes, history, interviews, podcasts and much more.

tenther blog


State of the Nullification Movement

232 pages. History, constitutionality, and application today.

get the report


Path to Liberty

Our flagship podcast. Michael Boldin on the constitution, history, and strategy for liberty today

path to liberty


Maharrey Minute

The title says it all. Mike Maharrey with a 1 minute take on issues under a 10th Amendment lens. maharrey minute

Tenther Essentials

2-4 minute videos on key Constitutional issues - history, and application today


Join TAC, Support Liberty!

Nothing helps us get the job done more than the financial support of our members, from just $2/month!



The 10th Amendment

History, meaning, and purpose - the "Foundation of the Constitution."

10th Amendment



Get an overview of the principles, background, and application in history - and today.