HELENA, MT., Mar. 6, 2015 –  A bill seeking to block any future federal bans on firearms or magazines was passed by an important Montana Senate committee today. The vote was 7-5.

Introduced by Rep. Art Wittich, House Bill 203 (HB203) would prohibit the state “from enforcing, assisting in the enforcement of or otherwise cooperating in the enforcement of a federal ban on firearms and magazines” enacted on or after Jan. 1, 2015. The bill also prohibits state participation in any federal enforcement action implementing such a federal ban on firearms and magazines.

The bill passed the state House last month by a vote of 58-42.


“The bill’s critics initially claimed that HB203 was an unnecessary and speculative measure,” Rep. Wittich said. “However, some of the recent actions by Congress and the Obama administration attacking the 2nd Amendment and firearms freedom make the passage of this bill more urgent and necessary than ever.”

Scott Landreth of ShallNot.org agreed. “When the gun control establishment can’t get something new passed through Congress, they keep pushing their agenda through the executive branch. That’s why bills like HB203 are needed right now.”


Based on James Madison’s advice for states and individuals in Federalist #46, a “refusal to cooperate with officers of the Union” is an extremely effectively method to bring down federal gun control measures because most enforcement actions rely on help, support and leadership in the states.

By withdrawing enforcement support on the state end, any such federal gun control measures would be “nearly impossible to enforce,” said Judge Andrew Napolitano in a discussion on such bills last year.

“Citizens are increasingly realizing that the federal government is inventing “authority” over their rights, including those under the 2nd Amendment,” said Wittich. “States are similarly realizing they can and must refuse to participate in these improper regulatory expansions.”

Gary Marbut of the Montana Shooting Sports Association, which originally drafted the bill, agreed. “I want to do everything possible to divorce Montana from federal control,” he said. “In Montana, we know our people and what they need, and we know our culture. What may seem good in D.C. is not always desirable in or good for Montana.”

“With the constant looming threat of presidential executive orders, this is a preemptive action by Montana to ensure that such a move would have no effect in the state,” said Landreth. “When it comes to our right to keep and bear arms, we cannot sit idly by and wait for something bad to happen, we need to draw a line in the sand and defend our rights today.”


HB203 is based on a legal doctrine known as anti-commandeering. This is a legal principle that the Supreme Court has upheld in cases from 1842 to 2012, saying that state resources cannot be “commandeered” on behalf of the federal government. The landmark case was the 1997 Printz case, where the Court held that local law enforcement could not be required to enforce the Brady Gun Control Act for the federal government.

For the majority, Justice Scalia wrote:

The Federal Government may neither issue directives requiring the States to address particular problems, nor command the States’ officers, or those of their political subdivisions, to administer or enforce a federal regulatory program. It matters not whether policymaking is involved, and no case-by-case weighing of the burdens or benefits is necessary; such commands are fundamentally incompatible with our constitutional system of dual sovereignty.

As noted Georgetown Law Constitutional Scholar Randy Barnett has said, “This line of cases is now 20 years old and considered well settled.”


HB203 will now go to the full Senate for debate and vote. Should the bill pass, it will go to the Governor’s desk for a signature.


In Montana: Follow the steps to support this bill at THIS LINK

ALL OTHER STATES: Urge your state rep and senator to introduce a similar bill, start at this link

Michael Boldin

The 10th Amendment

“The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”



Featured Articles

On the Constitution, history, the founders, and analysis of current events.

featured articles


Tenther Blog and News

Nullification news, quick takes, history, interviews, podcasts and much more.

tenther blog


State of the Nullification Movement

232 pages. History, constitutionality, and application today.

get the report


Path to Liberty

Our flagship podcast. Michael Boldin on the constitution, history, and strategy for liberty today

path to liberty


Maharrey Minute

The title says it all. Mike Maharrey with a 1 minute take on issues under a 10th Amendment lens. maharrey minute

Tenther Essentials

2-4 minute videos on key Constitutional issues - history, and application today


Join TAC, Support Liberty!

Nothing helps us get the job done more than the financial support of our members, from just $2/month!



The 10th Amendment

History, meaning, and purpose - the "Foundation of the Constitution."

10th Amendment



Get an overview of the principles, background, and application in history - and today.