The necessary and proper clause is one of the most abused provisions in the Constitution.

Alexander Hamilton used it to justify the charter of a national bank. But Thomas Jefferson had a pretty simple and compelling argument. The word “necessary” means what it says. I think Jefferson wins this argument.

For Further Reading

Does the Necessary and Proper Clause Grant “Broad Authority” to Congress? Actually, None at All

Necessary and Proper, Not Anything and Everything

A Colonial Pamphlet Helps Show Why the Constitution’s Necessary and Proper Clause Granted No Power


Concordia res parvae crescunt


Small things grow great by concord...

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